First aid in case of wounds and cuts begins with a correct evaluation of the situation:
- How serious is the wound and any bleeding?
- Is there a chance of infection?
If it’s a small wound but you don’t have any antiseptic product to hand:
- Wash the cut, and apply some resin from a conifer over the top of it.
- Grind up some leaves of ribwort plantain into a pulp, and apply it to the wound. Fix it in place with a bandage.
If the bleeding is strong and pulsating, it means an artery has been damaged and a tourniquet needs to be applied. The tourniquet only works for one hour, so you need to get to a hospital immediately. It should be applied 1.5-2 cm higher than the damaged blood vessel.
If you’ve noticed a snake crawling on the ground, don’t move — give it the opportunity to leave. Snakes only attack when they feel threatened.
First aid in case of snake bites:
- Try to completely cease movement in the affected limb, as movement speeds up blood circulation through the blood vessels, spreading the snake’s venom throughout the body at a faster rate.
- Disinfect the wound, and place a sterile bandage over it.
- Apply a tourniquet, but for no longer than 30-40 minutes. Otherwise, you can damage the blood supply to the affected tissue. See a doctor as soon as possible.