12 Rules for the Ideal Vacation in the Wild

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First aid in case of wounds and cuts begins with a correct evaluation of the situation:

  • How serious is the wound and any bleeding?
  • Is there a chance of infection?

If it’s a small wound but you don’t have any antiseptic product to hand:

  • Wash the cut, and apply some resin from a conifer over the top of it.
  • Grind up some leaves of ribwort plantain into a pulp, and apply it to the wound. Fix it in place with a bandage.

If the bleeding is strong and pulsating, it means an artery has been damaged and a tourniquet needs to be applied. The tourniquet only works for one hour, so you need to get to a hospital immediately. It should be applied 1.5-2 cm higher than the damaged blood vessel.

If you’ve noticed a snake crawling on the ground, don’t move — give it the opportunity to leave. Snakes only attack when they feel threatened.

First aid in case of snake bites:

  • Try to completely cease movement in the affected limb, as movement speeds up blood circulation through the blood vessels, spreading the snake’s venom throughout the body at a faster rate.
  • Disinfect the wound, and place a sterile bandage over it.
  • Apply a tourniquet, but for no longer than 30-40 minutes. Otherwise, you can damage the blood supply to the affected tissue. See a doctor as soon as possible.

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